Visitors’ flow analysis at the Munich Airport
Computer-aided simulation is a powerful tool for buildings in general and for infrastructure and transportation hubs in particular. Planning the dynamic between people and space is complex and needs to be analyzed in-depth at these places. accu:rate developed a software for crowd simulation which allows the user to optimize people flow and create an optimal design for future usage.
This year, the Munich Airport was honored as the best European airport at the “World Airport Awards” for the 10th time. The terminal 2 was even honored to be the best terminal in the world. Therefore over 14 million travelers casted their ballot at the Skytrax Institute in London and voted for the Munich Airport because of the high level of comfort and the great travel experience.
One certainly doesn’t just win competitions like these hands down. The Munich Airport is always looking for innovative solutions to excel their passengers’ comfort, safety and overall travel experience. This also includes a comfortable design and the optimization of the walking routes.
accu:rate analyzed the visitors’ flow and examined, which routes would be taken by the visitors in case of an evacuation. Two different scenarios were examined: the evacuation based on the escape ways defined in the fire protection concept (version 1) as well as the evacuation along the routes, which were taken by the visitors to enter the building and which lead outside in a direct way (version 2).
Version 1: The used routes lead also to areas within the building. Because of the shortness of the routes, congestion occurs in front of the exits.
Version 2: The used routes of the visitors: Every red line represents one route.
In version 1 there were extensive jams in front of the exits inside the building. The reason for this result lies in the shortness of the routes and the higher density of people inside the terminal.
In version 2 the walking routes are longer, but there is less congestion because the crowd of travelers is equalized due to longer paths. Hence, the visitor comfort is higher in version 2.
Potential reconstruction that would make the travel experience even more exciting wouldn’t be a problem. Like other projects of ours, this analysis proofs one more time that the escape routes that are recommended by the fire protection regulations are not necessarily the ones people would choose in case of an emergency. Sometimes the longer way is actually the faster and more convenient one.
Surely, the Munich Airport will continue to be one of the most popular airports worldwide. A big part of this success is the strong focus on innovative solutions that is now extended by the latest simulation methods. With this innovative mindset the Munich Airport will surely keep on offering an extraordinary travel experience to their visitors.