Case study: How Marseille adapts its public transit products to match demand
AS the public transit operator in Marseille and its urban area, the RTM relies on automatic passenger counting to offer travel products adjusted to the customers’ needs.
It devotes 2/3 of its budget to operations – rolling stock, drivers. As it is responsible for ensuring that its resources are used properly, the operator must offer service – arrival frequency, vehicle capacity – scaled as close to customer needs as possible.
Vehicle travel time and load
To adjust its offer, the RTM requires two essential pieces of information: the travel time and vehicle load (number of passengers aboard). The first comes from the operational support system (OSS). To get the second, the RTM deployed an Acorel solution, in the early 2010s, to automatically count the passengers in its buses and trams.
With this system, based on recording boarders and alighters, the RTM receives a representation of the average load (called the “line load graph”) on each bus and tram line that uses it, for five different types of periods: Winter/weekdays, Saturday, Sunday, school vacations, and summer.
Objective, reliable data
This gives RTM’s teams access to useful indicators to shape their strategy: Total load, peak loads, boarder and alighters at each stop, etc.
“Counting gives us a realistic picture of demand, rich in information that help us improve our product,” explains Daniel Magliaraschi, head of the production methods department.
The passenger count data enables RTM to validate observations reported in the field by its staff, and to do so at a system-wide level. They are also more complete than ticketing data (which doesn’t include fare evasion) and more representative than origin/destination surveys (which are one-time by nature).
Lines 31 and 32 change to high-frequency
In early 2017, the RTM reorganized the schedules of buses 31 and 32, two lines that traveled along the same stretch of road with about fifteen downtown stops in common. The goal: offer a regular arrival frequency that is high enough for the very busy shared section and avoid having buses reaching the same stop at the same time.
To achieve optimal schedules, the RTM’s teams made use of multiple kinds of data: Travel times provided by the OSS, origin/destination surveys, and load analyses produced by Acorel automatic passenger counting.
The hourly cost of a bus
On these lines, the load remains high all day long. The count data helped to accurately adjust the frequencies: 6 buses/hour at peak hours and 5 buses/hour between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
“Having one extra bus more running each hour on a line costs €20 to 30,000 per year. The passenger counting data helps allocate resources where needed“, says Daniel Magliaraschi.
The RTM’s Acorel counting device
- 400 buses (out of 600) equipped with infrared or 3D video counting sensors.
- 4 tram cars (out of 32) equipped with infrared sensors. 6 others to be equipped in 2018.
- 350 “line load graphs” produced (70 lines, 5 standard periods).
- Counting accuracy above 98%
The Acorel automatic counting solution relies on sensors installed on the vehicle doors, which record the number of passengers boarding and alighting in real time. The data collected, enhanced by other systems (OSS, GPS, etc.) are then processed and analysed by the software Focus on Board, which produces standardised or custom reports.